IDF Publications

IDF already has a set of publications addressing a variety of environmental sustainability issues and strategies on how to minimize and control environmental impact throughout the dairy production chain. Key IDF Publications featured in this section address the biggest challenges such as reduction of methane emissions, reduction of energy and present the promising tool, Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) to promote sustainability in the dairy industry.


Bulletin of the IDF n° 445/2010 “A common carbon footprint approach for dairy - The IDF guide to standard lifecycle assessment methodology for the dairy sector”

The IDF guide is the first international consensus document describing a common carbon footprint approach for dairy products including addressing the common LCA challenges of allocation to co-products and land use change. The document identifies the key areas in which there is currently ambiguity or differing views on approach while it recommends a science-based approach that can also be inserted into existing or developing methodologies for practical application in developing and developed dairy industries across the world. The IDF guide has been developed in close collaboration and with the active involvement of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Sustainable Agriculture Initiative Platform (SAI Platform).


Available free of charge


Bulletin of the IDF n° 443/2010 “Environmental issues at dairy farm level”

The dairy sector worldwide is confronted with a triple challenge – how to feed an increasingly large human population, how to control the impact of dairy production on the global environment and, at the same time, to discover new ways of managing animal and milk production to achieve these aims. The papers in this IDF Bulletin provide an overall review of the interaction between milk production and the environment and possible measures to minimize the impact of each on the other, and illustrate the practical steps that can be and are being taken by the dairy sector in a variety of countries and in relation to specific environmental issues: air quality, soil quality, water quality, energy use, pesticide residues.


Available free of charge


Bulletin of the IDF n° 436/2009 “Environmental / Ecological Impact of the Dairy Sector”

The dairy industry has made significant reductions in its energy use and strives to take positive action in achieving further reductions to its CO2 emissions.
This bulletin consists of a study, commissioned by IDF, to provide an analysis of the key issues in the dairy sector based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and an inventory of environmental initiatives that have an influence on this sector.
The study comprises of an in-depth analysis of the existing scientific and technical literature, including IDF publications, and a review of existing country positions and regulations, standards and guidelines.


Available free of charge


Bulletin of the IDF n° 422/2007 Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions at Farm and Manufacturing Levels

This issue of the Bulletin presents ways to reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions at farm and manufacturing level.
This publication reviews the Kyoto protocol, the generation and sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the dairy industry, and some of the strategies to mitigate emissions either at farm level or at manufacturing level in different parts of the world.
At this time when climate change is starting to be addressed as a global challenge and mitigation strategies sought to be found in the context of sustainable development, these proceedings provide insight into one of the dairy industry’s greatest challenges over the coming years.


Available free of charge


Bulletin of the IDF n° 401/2005 Energy use in Dairy Processing

The dairy sector is concerned to minimize its use of energy to save cost and to play a responsible role in the world-wide effort to control the effects on the global environment.
Operators of dairy processing facilities have also become increasingly aware of the significance of energy use. For many processors this is one of the larger cost components and one of the processing cost components that is most amenable to reduction by improved technology and closer management control.
Several aspects of minimising energy use, and reducing the environmental effects of energy use are presented in this issue of the Bulletin of the IDF.


Available free of charge


Bulletin of the IDF n° 398/2005 Guide on Life Cycle Assessment towards Sustainability in the Dairy Chain

Life cycle analysis (LCA) is a method of environmental analysis that assesses the impact a dairy product has on the environment. The impact comes not only from producing milk, the raw material, but also from the process used in making the product, the packaging, the transport, refrigeration, and any waste.
This Guide, jointly prepared by IDF and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in 2005, introduces and defines the concepts involved in life cycle analysis and life cycle assessment in the dairy context and their relevance to sustainable development. It describes a methodology for life cycle assessment applied to the dairy chain and illustrates it with the results of LCA on packaging Systems, on dairy farming Systems and on milk products.
It presents the environmental impacts of energy consumption and the effect of the Kyoto Agreement on the dairy industry, together with a series of case studies on the use of LCA in the dairy industry in Australia, France, North America and Scandinavia. It also reports on discussions regarding the future of LCA as a tool to promote sustainability in the dairy industry.


Available free of charge